Perforated marine shells. It is not clear if the shells were drilled by humans of if they were drilled by marine predators, then collected dead and transported the the Lake Monroe Outlet Midden by Archaic Period people.
Shell beads were identified from across the Lake Monroe Outlet Midden site. They were rarely caught in the coarse gauge sieves (1/4 in)-- most were collected in the finer gauge screens (1/8th and 1/16th in). Please note the countersunk drill holes made during their manufacture.
The lightning whelk (Busycon sinistrum) would have been collected from coastal waters. This specimen was used as a cooking vessel. The "bottom" of the vessel is burned out and the external surface is fire clouded. Cooking residue is present inside of the vessel. See our image showing the external surface of the specimen.
The external surface of this whelk shell shows carbon and fire clouding (blue arrow) from a cooking fire. These vessels must have been important to the culinary arts of the day because pottery cooking vessels had not been invented. These shells are not common, but are found in Archaic Period middens in Florida.
This artifact was manufactured from marine shell. Its purpose is not known.
This is a shell celt made from the aperture margin of queen conch, Strombus gigas.
Sharks teeth would have been obtained from coastal areas, or from fossil deposits. The teeth show drilled and notched tooth roots. Presumably this facilitated attaching the tooth to a handle. The serrations on the teeth in the bottom row of this photograph have been worn away.