Xiphophorus maculatus
(Günther 1866)
Family Poeciliidae

Lateral view of a souther platyfish
The southern platyfish in the photo above was collected in Palm Beach County, Florida in 2013. It is now part of the Florida Museum ichthyology collection, UF 187064. Florida Museum photo by Zachary Randall

The southern platyfish is a member of the livebearer family. It has a short, moderately deep body, and the teeth in both jaws are conical and in a single series. Body coloration is variable, but is typically olive-brown with black spots or blotches, but no stripes. There is a large black spot or crescent-shaped blotch. Southern platyfish can be found in creeks and ditches with sluggish water, silty mud substrates and aquatic vegetation.

Status & distribution

  • Status — Non-indigenous freshwater
  • Florida Distribution — Peninsula drainages

River Drainages — Tampa Bay, the Everglades and the Indian River

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