Herichthys cyanoguttatus
Baird and Girard 1854
Family Cichlidae

Lateral view of a Rio Grande Cichlid
This Rio Grande cichlid was collected in Pinellas County, Florida in 1995. It is now part of the Florida Museum ichthyology collection, UF 101896. Photo courtesy of © Richard T. Bryant

The Rio Grande cichlid is a member of the cichlid and tilapia family. It is deep-bodied and compressed in shape. The head, body and median fins of adults are olivaceous to gray with numerous bright pale blue to pearly incandescent spots. Breeding males develop a nuchal hump and the anal fin has between four and six spines. The caudal fin is rounded and the basal one-third is covered with scales. The Rio Grande cichlid can be found in creeks, springs, drainage ditches, canals and lakes. This species is usually found near aquatic vegetation.

Status & distribution

  • Status — Non-indigenous freshwater
  • Florida Distribution — Peninsula drainages
  • River Drainages — Tampa Bay, Caloosahatchee River, Everglades and the Indian River
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