Trichromus salvini
(Günther 1862)
Family Cichlidae

Lateral view of a yellowbelly cichlid
The yellowbelly cichlid shown above was collected in Broward County, Florida in 2013. It is now part of the Florida Museum ichthyology collection, UF 187034. Florida Museum photo by Zachary Randall

The yellowbelly cichlid is a member of the cichlid and tilapia family. It has a compressed body with a pointed snout and two black stripes on the upper half of the body. This species has a beige to yellow body with tinges of light blue on the scales along the fin elements, and there are stripes on the head as well as surrounding the basicaudal spot. Breeding males are bright yellow or orange with a red lower side and anal fin. The ventral margin of the lower lip lacks a symphyseal frenum. The yellowbelly cichlid inhabits canals, creeks and borrow-pit lakes.

Status & distribution

  • Status — Non-indigenous freshwater
  • Florida Distribution — Peninsula drainages
  • River Drainages — the Everglades
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