|Type Name:||PEARLWARE, TRANSFER PRINTED|
|Type Index:||REFINED EARTHENWARE|
White to light cream colored, thin, hard, refined earthenware paste.
White to faint bluish white clear lead glaze, caused by the addition of cobalt to the glaze. There is a bluish cast where the glaze pools.
Transfer printed designs are detailed, regular and naturalistic, usually covering most of the vessel surface. Production methods, colors, and motifs are chronologically specific (see comments).
|Comments:||Techniques: 1780-1807: Line engraved transfers with heavier cruder designs and a minimum of shading. In 1807 stippling was introduced, using many small dots to produce more precise, shaded, dimensional designs. Motifs before about 1815 are predominantly Chinese-inspired, and between about 1815 and 1830 landscapes and historical scenes were popular. Romantic views predominate after ca. 1830. Colors Blue- 1784-1840; Brown introduced - 1809; Dark (almost navy) blue - 1818-1830; Red, Green, Purple introduced - 1829. These chronological indicators also apply to whitewares.|
|Published Definitions:||Noel Hume 1969, South 1977, Miller 1991, Sussman 2000b, Samford 1997|