|STONEWARE, BLACK BASALT
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Thin, fine-grained black stoneware body, usually unglazed.
Vessels can be wheel thrown, slip cast or molded, and turned on a lathe.
Vessels are often decorated with die-stamped relieves of rococo floral, animal and human figures; sprig-molded designs, or geometric engine turning.
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|Black Basalt ware is a dry-bodied stoneware fired in an oxidizing atmosphere to produce a black fabric. It was originally used by Josiah Wedgwood for his famous Etruscan vases, and it continued later in use for such everyday items such as tea wares. Engine-turned designs date to after 1760. The black remained popular longer than the red Elers-Type stonewares, partially because it was fashionable to use it in times of mourning.
|Noel Hume 1969, South 1977