Featured image: Tampa Bay (From Flickr user Kimm CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0).

The takeaway message:

Polluted wastewater at an abandoned phosphate mine in Manatee County was pumped into Tampa Bay to stop leak from flooding surrounding neighborhoods. Stakeholders say this could have consequences for the marine ecosystem. 

What’s going on?

In late Marchsite engineers found a leak in the liner of the Piney Point reservoir pond, where millions of gallons of polluted water from phosphate mining operations were being stored

Mining activity at Piney Point, located in Manatee County, halted 20 years ago after the mine owners went bankrupt, but leftover contaminants were still being stored on the site. 

Piney Point Map
Image created by Ellen Bausback

Phosphate is mined from the ground to be processed into fertilizer. The liner was meant to stop the polluted water from getting into groundwater, which millions of Floridians rely on for drinking and household useManagers had known for years the liner was in bad shape before the current leak was discovered. 

Responding to the risk of catastrophic flooding should the leak become a full-fledged breach in the liner, around 300 homes, as well as businesses and the nearby Manatee County Jail, were evacuated. To reduce pressure on the leak, officials began pumping more than 200 million gallons of the reservoir’s polluted water into Tampa Bay. On April 8the pumping was halted to allow officials touse technology to treat the remaining water before releasing more, and as of Wednesday, pumping was still suspended.

Florida State Senator Jim Boyd introduced an amendment to the state budget April 7 that would allocate $3 million to the effort, but total remediation could cost up to $200 million. Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis said Tuesday that he would also redirect $15.4 million from the existing FDEP budget toward the cleanup. 

Why it matters.

There are 27 phosphate mines in Florida, but only nine are currently active. After processing phosphate, materials like uranium, thorium, radium and a gas called radon are left behind along with wastewater. The mixture of solid wastes is called phosphogypsum, and it is normally stored in piles, or stacks. The polluted water is normally stored in big reservoirs with liners, like at Piney Point. 

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection said the Piney Point water was not radioactive. However, conservation organizations say the elevated levels of nitrogen and phosphorus that are in the water that was pumped into Tampa Bay are still concerning. 

In excess, these nutrients can lead to the overgrowth of algae, which can block sunlight from penetrating the water and reaching beneficial plants. Fish kills, toxic algae blooms and dead zones are problems that can result from having too many nutrients in a marine ecosystem. 

“We hope the contamination is not as bad as we fear, but are preparing for significant damage to Tampa Bay and the communities that rely on this precious resource,” said Justin Bloom, Suncoast Waterkeeper founder and board member, in a Center for Biological Diversity press release. 

Stakeholders say continued action is needed to remedy the harm caused by the Piney Point leak, and proactive measures need to be taken to stop this situation from happening at waste sites elsewhere in the state. 

What can I do?