Beaches, dunes, coastal hammocks, and shell middens are found along the coastline and barrier islands of Florida. Plants growing in coastal uplands must be tolerant of salt spray and drought.
A coastal upland hammock resembles jungle growth as seen from the observation tower at Gumbo Limbo Nature Center, Boca Raton.
Dune sunflower grows in sandy soils by the beach, but can flourish in well-drained gardens.
Wide variation in make-up, sometimes called hammocks and might be referred to as “woods,” they occur on moist, well-drained but relatively rich soils. Typically with a closed canopy but a diverse understory and a surprisingly large variety of wildflowers.
The river trail at O'Leno State Park in High Springs winds through a hardwood forest of oaks, sparkleberry and saw palmetto.
Sunshine highlights this young Cabbage Palm near Goldhead Branch State Park in Keystone Heights.
Poor drainage due to a clay hardpan may result in standing water during wet periods. Fire dependent for a healthy habitat and wide variety of wildflowers.
Deer's tongue (Carphephorus sp.) splashes purple throughout a sea of green at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon.
Frequent prescribed fire promotes wildflower growth at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon.
Orange-red milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) blossoms add variety to the wildflower mix at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon.
A green spider disguises itself as a Deer's tongue flower bud at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon.
A profusion of Deer's tongue at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon, waves in the late afternoon sun on a warm, fall day.
Disturbed sites such as lawns, vacant lots, fields, pastures, and roadsides are all ruderal sites. Wildflowers found here are sometimes referred to as “weeds.” “In the eye of the beholder…”
Blazing star thrives in a dry, disturbed landscape, under restoration at Goethe State Forest, Dunnellon.
A butterfly watcher searches for small butterflies on a purple profusion of Eryngium aquaticum, along a moist roadside in Levy County, CR 336, in late summer.
A Sweadner's Juniper Hairstreak perches on Eryngium aquaticum in a moist roadside in Levy County, CR 336, in late summer.
Thistles dot a moist roadside in Levy County, FL, CR 336
Twin-spot skippers share a sip of thistle nectar.
Sometimes called savannas, these longleaf pine-turkey oak associations occur on sandy, well drained hills and ridges. Widely spaced trees permit ample sunlight to reach the ground. Plant and butterfly diversity is high. Fire dependent for a healthy habitat.
Young turkey oaks peak out of the pine needle thatch at this sandhill in Goldhead Branch State Park near Keystone Heights.
Young long-leaf pine in this sandhill at Goldhead Branch State Park inch their way into the world.
Turkey oaks stand beside pines in this sandhill at Goldhead Branch State Park near Keystone Heights.
Wildflowers, pine cones and pine needles carpet the floor of this sandhill at Goldhead Branch State Park near Keystone Heights.
Wet prairie, marshes, swamps, floodplain forests, wet ditches, pond margins, stream margins. Some wildflowers either tolerate or require wet habitats.
The red blooms of the cardinal flower punctuate the floodplain landscape along the Ichetucknee River in north central Florida.
Cardinal flowers grow well in very wet conditions along the Ichetucknee River in north central Florida.
A Pearl Crescent nectars at a climbing aster (Aster carolinianus) growing in the floodplain of the Ichetucknee River in north central Florida. Asters are Pearl Crescent's host plant.
A mass of climbing aster produces a showy profusion of lavendar along the Ichetucknee River in north central Florida.
Saw palmettos line the floodplain of the Santa Fe River at O'Leno State Park in north central Florida; saw palmettos sport a nectar-rich mass of cream-colored flowers in the spring that attract many insects.
A crystal clear creek runs through the ravine at Goldhead Branch State Park near Keystone Heights.
Yellow wildflowers line a marsh at St. Mark's Wildlife Refuge near Tallahassee.
Burmarigold (Bidens laevis) grow in clumps along the Ichetucknee River in north central Florida in the fall.