Other common names


Basic description

Most adult southeastern crowned snakes are about 8-10 inches (20-26 cm) in total length. These small and thin snakes are tan to reddish brown with a black head. There is a light-colored band across the back of the head and a black band extending onto the back of the neck. Hatchlings are grayish in coloration and have darker heads than adults.

small brown snake with yellow ring around neck
Southeastern crowned snake. Photo courtesy of jeffweinell/iNaturalist


Southeastern crowned snakes are found in the Panhandle east to Leon County.

Assessment of risk to people and pets

Non-Venomous. Southeastern crowned snakes are not dangerous to people or pets even though they do produce a mild venom that is used for subduing prey. The venom is delivered by two slightly enlarged grooved teeth at the back of the upper jaw. However, these snakes are not aggressive and do not bite even in defense.

Comparison with other species

Ringneck snake
Photo courtesy of Luke Smith.

Ring-necked snake (Diadophis punctata)

brown snake coiled on a log
Photo courtesy J.D. Wilson

Rough earthsnake (Haldea striatula)

tiny brown snake on woven rope
Photo courtesy mariapierce/iNaturalist

Dekay’s Brownsnake (Storeria dekayi)

Florida brownsnake
Photo courtesy of Luke Smith.

Florida brownsnake (Storeria victa)

small pink snake with brown head
Photo courtesy of Todd Pierson.

Florida crowned snake (Tantilla relicta)

pale gray striped snake
Photo courtesy of cassiethegardener/iNaturalist

Smooth earthsnake (Virginia valeriae)

Share your observations

You can help scientists better understand the biology and distribution of this species by sharing your observations. Send photos or videos of interesting observations, along with associated information, by emailing the herpetology staff at the Florida Museum for documentation in the Museum’s Herpetology Master Database. You can also post your observations on iNaturalist.

Additional helpful information

Do you have snakes around your house? Learn how to safely co-exist with snakes.

Still have questions about snakes or identifications? Feel free to email the herpetology staff at the Florida Museum with your questions or feedback on this profile.

Banner photo courtesy jeffweinell/iNaturalist/CC-BY 4.0. Please credit any photographers on the page and see our copyright policy.