Many whale species swim near Florida shores. They sometimes become stranded and die on Florida beaches, as did this juvenile Humpback. The Museum is the state repository for endangered species, used to better understand the organisms and inform their conservation.
Among the many awe-inspiring treasures found in the mammal collections are the skulls and skeletons of the whales that we preserve. There’s nothing quite like turning the corner and standing next to a skull taller than you are. One of the many species of whales that we have is a humpback whale. This particular specimen, a juvenile male, stranded off the coast of Florida in Volusia County off of New Smyrna Beach in January of 1990.
Humpback whales are found all over the world and can migrate up to 16,000 miles every year. We’re more likely to see humpback whales off the coast of Florida during the winter when they are migrating to tropical waters south to breed and give birth. An interesting fact is that during the winter when they are breeding, humpback whales don’t eat at all and instead live off their fat preserves.
Recent work on the genetics of humpback whales has shown that the populations found in the North Atlantic, North Pacific and Southern oceans are more different than previously thought and that they might be considered separate subspecies and on separate evolutionary paths. More work is needed to better understand if these different populations are coming into contact or not.
Collection Manager, Mammals
Florida Museum of Natural History
Humpback Whale Skeleton (Megaptera novaeangliae)
From Volusia Co., Florida, Jan. 1990