Florida Museum of Natural History
Assembling the Tree of Life: Orchidaceae Orchid Tree:
    a phylogeny of epiphytes (mostly) on the tree of life
University of Florida Herbarium Home

This study expands our previous work on subtribes Maxillariinae, Oncidiinae, Zygopetalinae, and Stanhopeinae.


Adapted in part from Darin Penneys Melastomataceae WebSite and used with his permission. The links all worked when this page was designed. See date at bottom of page.


TreeBASE - TreeBASE is a centralized location for a vast scope of phylogenetic information.

PAUP* - PAUP* is the most commonly used phylogenetic analysis program. The MAC version is a necessity for anyone seriously interested in molecular systematics.

Herbaria and Collections

Types at the Smithsonian Institution - Search the Smithsonian (US) collection of thousands of type specimens.

New York Botanical Garden - Search the entire collection at the New York Botanical Garden (NY).

Types at NYBG - Type specimens at the New York Botanical Garden (NY).

Harvard - Types, general specimens, and other databases at the Harvard University Herbaria (HUH).

Types at the University of Florida - Type specimens at the University of Florida herbarium (FLAS).

Paris- Search the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (P).

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio), Costa Rica - A directory of genera, species, and collection label data for Orchidaceae in the collection at the Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio), Costa Rica.

Missouri Botanical Garden - TROPICOS - The source for tropical specimens.

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh - Databases - Another good source of specimens.

DNA - find gene sequences, chromosome numbers, or see how PCR and cycle sequencing work

NCBI - Search GenBank for DNA sequences of anything.

IPCN - Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers.

DNA Learning Center - This takes you to a great site devoted to public genetics education. An operating unit of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, it offers news and information about resources, workshops, and programs. Good animation to show how PCR and cycle sequencing work. Essential to understanding molecular systematics. Works on PC's and MAC's, but you need to download the animations.

Sinauer Associates - The source for PAUP* by Swofford and other interesting things.

Taxonomic resources

Kew Orchid Checklist - The Kew Orchid Checklist of all currently recognized genera and species [Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2004)] is used as our reference. The current link is to the entire live, database-driven monocot checklist.

IPNI - The ultimate in plant names and bibliographic references.

Kew Databases - This is an important resource for conducting literature searches. This is what we used to call Kew Record. It now takes you to a more extensive database. Here you can search across Kew's three major bibliographic databases in one go.


Just a few links to get you to some interesting pages.

Flora Mesoamericana - THE major floristic work for Central America. In Spanish and English.

Biological Diversity of the Guianas - Covers the three countries in northeastern South America.

Orchid Related Web Sites

This part could go on and on and on, so only a few preliminary links are given here. This should get you started in finding orchid web pages.

Epidendra - Lankester Gardens, Epidendra Site. Lankester Botanical Gardens in Costa Rica maintains this web site, which is an excellent source of information on orchid species as well as having links to a number of intersting sites.

Lankester Gardens - Lankester Botanical Gardens in Costa Rica is an outstanding botanical garden, well worth a visit if you are in Costa Rica. The site is in both English and Spanish.

Selby Gardens - The Marie Selby Botanical Gardens in Sarasota Florida - great to visit, large display collection of orchids.

Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden - The Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden 10901 Old Cutler Road Coral Gables, FL 33156 - great to visit, large display collections of orchids and other tropical plants.

Orchid Research Newsletter - Newsletter from Kew, covers all aspects of scientific research on orchids.

The Orchid Mall - A set of links to a number of orchid related pages, many commercial ones. We have no relation to any of these vendors or web pages, but thought this link might be useful.

American Orchid Society - The major organization devoted to all aspects of orchids.

The Sobralia Page - Not Oncidiinae, but devoted to another very intersting group of orchids, and has some good links. We have some molecular data on this group (Sobralia and its relatives) and should have it available soon.

The Stanhopea Page - Another good page for interesting genera.

Phylogenetics of Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae) A link to one of our earlier projects.

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Page developed and maintained by Norris H. Williams.
Please send your comments and suggestions to the webmaster: orchid[nospam]@flmnh.ufl.edu

Page last updated: 1 May 2013