Phylogenetics of Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae)

Phylogentics Literature Images Database Downloads People Links

This study is a continuation of our work on other subtribes of the tribe Maxillarieae, especially subtribes Oncidiinae and Stanhopeinae.



The following is taken from the References Cited section of an NSF grant proposal submitted in 2001 and applies more to the proposal than to a comprehensive list of references on Maxillariinae. We have added a reference or two as our colleagues have pointed our extremely serious omissions to the literature that have appeared after the proposal was submitted. The papers by Blanco et al., 2007, and Whitten et al., 2007, contain more up to date references.
  • Atwood, J. T. and D. E. Mora de Retana. 1999. Flora Costaricensis: Orchidaceae Subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae. Fieldiana, Bot. n.s. 40:1-182.
  • Armbruster, W. S. 1984. The role of resin in angiosperm pollination: Ecological and chemical considerations. American Journal of Botany 71: 1149-1160.
  • Backlund, A. and K. Bremer. 1998. To be or not to be -- principles of classification and monotypic plant families. Taxon 47: 391-400.
  • Baldwin, B. G., M. J. Sanderson, J. M. Porter, M. F. Wojciechowski, C. S. Campbell,and M. J. Donoghue. 1995. The ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA: A valuable source of evidence on angiosperm phylogeny. Annals Missouri Bot. Gard. 82: 247-277.
  • Blattner, F. 1999. Direct amplification of the entire ITS region from poorly preserved plant material using recombinant PCR. BioTechniques 27: 1180-1186.
  • Blanco, M. A. G. Carnevali, W. M. Whitten, R. Singer, S. Koehler, N. H. Williams, I. Ojeda, K. Neubig, & L. Endara. 2007. Generic Realignments in Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae). Lankesteriana 7(3): 515-537.
  • Bremer, B. and J. F. Manen. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 225: 43-72.
  • Braga, P. I. S. 1977. Aspectos biológicos das Orchidaceae de uma campina da Amazônia central. Acta Amazonica 2 (suppl.).
  • Brieger, F. G., R. Maatsch, and K. Senghas (editors). 1994-2000. In Schlechter, Die Orchideen. Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin-Wien.
  • Buckler, E. S., A. Ippolito, and T. P. Holtsford. 1997. The evolution of ribosomal DNA: Divergent paralogues and phylogenetic implications. Genetics 145: 821-832.
  • Buchman, S. L. 1987. The ecology of oil flowers and their bees. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18: 343-369.
  • Bull, J. J., J. P. Huelsenbeck, C. W. Cunningham, D. L. Swofford, and J. P. Waddell. 1993. Partitioning and combining data in phylogenetic analysis. Syst. Biol. 42: 384-397.
  • Cameron, K. M., M. W. Chase, W. M. Whitten, P. J. Kores, D. C. Jarrel, V. A. Albert, T. Yukawa, H. G. Hills, and D. H. Goldman. 1999. A phylogenetic analysis of the Orchidaceae: evidence from rbcL nucleotide sequences. American Journal of Botany 86: 208-224.
  • Cane, J. H., G. C. Eickwort, F. R. Wesley, and J. Spielholz. 1983. Foraging, grooming, and mating behaviors of Macropis nuda (Hymenoptera: Melittidae) and use of Lysimachia ciliata (Primulaceae) oils in larval provisions. Amer. Midl. Nat. 110:257-264.
  • Carnevali Fernández-Concha, G. 2001. A synoptical view of the classification of Cryptocentrum (Orchidaceae), new taxa, and a key to the genus. Harvard Papers in Botany 5:467-486.
  • Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Jiménez-Machorro, L. Sánchez-Saldaña, L. Ibarra-González, I. M. Ramírez, and M. P. Gómez-Juárez. 2001. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula II: A synopsis of the orchid flora of the Mexican Yucatán Península and a tentative checklist of the Orchidaceae of the Yucatán Península Biotic Province. Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 383-466.
  • Chase, M. W and A. V. Cox. 1998. Gene sequences, collaboration, and analysis of large data sets. Austral. Syst. Bot. 11: 215-229.
  • Chiang, T. Y., B. A. Schaal, and C. I. Peng. 1998. Universal primers for amplification and sequencing a noncoding spacer between the atpB and rbcL genes of chloroplast DNA. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 39: 245-250.
  • Christenson, E. A. 2002. Maxillaria, and overview. Pp. 279-290 in J. Clark et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 16th World Orchid Conference. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Davies, K. L., C. Winters, and M. P. Turner. 2000. Pseudopollen: Its structure and development in Maxillaria (Orchidaceae). Annals of Botany 85: 887-895.
  • DeBry, R. W. 2001. Improving interpretation of the decay index for DNA sequence data. Syst. Biol. 50: 742-752.
  • Doyle, J. J. and J. L. Doyle. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem. Bull. 19: 11-15.
  • Dressler, R. L. 1993. Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Dioscorides Press, Portland OR.
  • Freudenstein, J. V. and F. N. Rasmussen. 1999. What does morphology tell us about orchid relationships? - A cladistic analysis. American Journal of Botany 86: 225-248.
  • Goldman, D. H., J. V. Freudenstein, P. J. Kores, M. Molvray, D. C. Jarrel, W. M. Whitten, K. M. Cameron, R. K. Jansen, and M. W. Chase. 2001. Phylogenetics of Arethuseae (Orchidaceae) based on plastid matK and rbcL sequences. Systematic Botany 26: 670-695.
  • Graybeal, A. 1998. Is it better to add taxa or characters to a difficult phylogenetic problem? Syst. Biol. 47: 9-17.
  • Hartmann, S., J. D. Nason, and B. Debashish. 2001. Extensive ribosomal DNA genic variation in the columnar cactus Lophocereus. Journal of Molecular Evolution 53: 124-134.
  • Holtzmeier, M. A., W. L. Stern, and W. S. Judd. 1998. Comparative anatomy and systematics of Senghas's cushion species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 127: 43-82.
  • Huelsenbeck, J. P., J. J. Bull, and C. W. Cunningham. 1996. Combining data in phylogenetic analysis. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11: 152-158.
  • Kaiser R. 1993. The scent of orchids. Olfactory and chemical investigations. Roche Ed. The Netherlands.
  • Kerr, W. E. and C. R. Lopez C. 1962. Biologia da reprodução de Trigona (Plebeia) droryana. F. Smith. Rev. Brasil. Biol. 22: 335-341.
  • Koehler, S., N. H. Williams, W. M. Whitten, and M. E. do Amaral. 2002. Phylogeny of the Bifrenaria (Orchidaceae) complex based on morphology and sequence data from nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and chloroplast trnL-trnF region. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163:1055-1066.
  • Lokvam, J. and J. F. Braddock. 1999. Anti-bacterial function in the sexually dimorphic pollinator rewards of Clusia grandiflora (Clusiaceae). Oecologia 119: 534-540.
  • Maddison, W. P. and D. R. Maddison. 2000. MacClade: analysis of phylogeny and character evolution, Version 4.0. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinaeur Associates.
  • de Oliveira, C. M. A., A. M. Porto, V. Bittrich, I. Vencato, and A. J. Marsaioli. 1996. Floral resins of Clusia spp.: Chemical composition and biological function. Tetrahedron Let. 37: 6427-6430.
  • Pijl, L. van der and C. H. Dodson. 1966. Orchid Flowers: Their Pollination and Evolution. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables FL.
  • Pintaudi, C. T., M. N. S. Stort, and M. N. Marin-Morales. 1990. Artificial and natural pollination of Xylobium squalens Lindl. (Orchidaceae). Naturalia 15: 67-80.
  • Pridgeon, A. M., P. J. Cribb, M. W. Chase, and F. N. Rasmussen. 1999. Genera Orchidacearum. Volume 1: General Introduction, Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae. Oxford University Press. Oxford UK.
  • Pridgeon, A. M., P. J. Cribb, M. W. Chase, and F. N. Rasmussen. 2001. Genera Orchidacearum. Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part 1). Oxford University Press. Oxford UK.
  • Reeves, G., M. W. Chase, P. Goldblatt, P. Rudall, M. F. Fay, A. V. Cox, B. Lejeune, and T. Souza-Chies. 2001. Molecular systematics of Iridaceae: Evidence from four plastid DNA regions. American Journal of Botany 88: 2074-2087.
  • Reis, M. G., A. D. de Faria, V. Bittrich, M. E. Amaral, and A. J. Marsaioli. 2000. The chemistry of flower rewards-Oncidium (Orchidaceae). J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 11: 600-608.
  • Renner, S. S., D. B. Foreman, and D. Murray. 2000. Timing transantarctic disjunctions in the Atherospermataceae (Laurales): evidence from coding and noncoding chloroplast sequences. Syst. Biol. 49: 579-591.
  • Roubik, D. W. 1989. Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. Cambridge Univ. Press. Cambridge, UK. 514 pp.
  • Roubik, D. W. 2000. Deceptive orchids with Meliponini as pollinators. Plant Systematics and Evolution 222: 271-279.
  • Ryan, A., W. M. Whitten, M. A. T. Johnson, and M. W. Chase. 2000. A phylogenetic assessment of Lycaste and Anguloa (Orchidaceae: Maxillarieae). Lindleyana 15: 33-45.
  • Samuel, R., F. Ehrendorfer, M. W. Chase, and H. Greger. 2000. Phylogenetic analyses of Aurantioideae (Rutaceae) based on non-coding plastid DNA sequences and phytochemical features. Plant Biology 3: 77-87.
  • Seelanan, T., A. Schnabel, and J. F. Wendel. 1997. Congruence and consensus in the cotton tribe (Malvaceae). Syst. Bot. 22: 259-290.
  • Sheahan, M. C. and M. W. Chase. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships within Zygophyllaceae based on DNA sequences of three plastid regions, with special emphasis on Zygophylloideae. Syst. Bot. 25: 371-384.
  • Singer, R. B. The pollination mechanism in Trigonidium obtusum Lindl. (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae): Sexual mimicry and trap flowers. Annals of Botany. In press.
  • Singer, R. B. and A. A. Cocucci. 1999. Pollination mechanisms in four sympatric southern Brazilian Epidendroideae orchids. Lindleyana 14:47-56.
  • Sullivan, J. and D. L. Swofford. 2001. Should we use model-based methods for phylogenetic inference when we know that assumptions about among-site variation and nucleotide substitution pattern are violated? Syst. Biol. 50: 723-729.
  • Sun, Y., D. Z. Skinner, G. H. Liang, and S. H. Hulbert. 1994. Phylogenetic analysis of Sorghum and related taxa using internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 89: 26-32.
  • Swofford, D. L. 2000. PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4.0b2. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland MA.
  • Swofford, D. L., P. J. Waddell, J. P. Huelsenbeck, P. G. Foster, P. O. Lewis, and J. S. Rogers. 2001. Bias in phylogenetic estimation and its relevance to the choice between parsimony and likelihood methods. Syst. Biol. 50: 525-539
  • Szlachetko, D. L. 1995. Systema Orchidalium. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 3: 1-152.
  • Taberlet, P., L. Gielly, G. Pautou, and J. Bouvet. 1991. Universal primers of amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Pl. Mol. Biol. 17: 1105-1109.
  • Walsh, B. M. and S. B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: the chloroplast atpß-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. International Journal of Plant Science 162: 1409-1418.
  • Wendel, J. F. and J. J. Doyle. 1998. Phylogenetic incongruence: window into genome history and molecular evolution. Pp. 265-296 in D. S. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, and J. J. Doyle (eds.) Molecular systematics of Plants II: DNA sequencing. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston MA.
  • Whitten, W.M., M. A. Blanco, N. H. Williams, S. Koehler, G. Carnevali, R. B. Singer, L. Endara, & K. M. Neubig. 2007. Molecular Phylogenetics of Maxillaria and Related Genera (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae) Based Upon Combined Molecular Data Sets. American Journal of Botany 94: 1860-1889.
  • Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: combined molecular evidence. American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.
  • Wiens, J. J. 1998. Combining data sets with different phylogenetic histories. Syst. Biol. 47: 568-581.
  • Williams, N. H. 1982. The biology of orchids and euglossine bees. Pp. 119-171 in J. Arditti (ed.). Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives, II. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
  • Williams, N. H. 1983. Floral Fragrances as Cues in Animal Behavior. Pp. 50-72 in C. E. Jones and R. J. Little (eds.). Handbook of Experimental Pollination Biology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
  • Williams, N. H., M. W. Chase, T. Fulcher, and W. M. Whitten. 2001a. Molecular systematics of the Oncidiinae based on evidence from four DNA sequence regions: expanded circumscriptions of Cyrtochilum, Erycina, Otoglossum, and Trichocentrum and a new genus (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 16: 113-139.
  • Williams, N. H., M. W. Chase, and W. M. Whitten. 2001b. Phylogenetic position of Miltoniopsis, Caucaea, a new genus, Cyrtochiloides, and relationship of Oncidium phymatochilum based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lindleyana 16: 272-285.
  • Williams, N. H. and W. M. Whitten. 1999. Molecular phylogeny and floral fragrances of male euglossine bee pollinated orchids: a study of Stanhopea. Plant Species Biology 14: 129-137.
  • Yoder, A. D., J. A. Irwi, and B. A. Payseur. 2001. Failure of the ILD to determine data combinability for slow loris phylogeny. Syst. Biol. 50: 408-424.

- Top of Page -
Home | Phylogenetics | Literature | Images | Database | Downloads | People | Links |

Page developed and maintained by Norris H. Williams.
Please send your comments and suggestions to the webmaster:
Page last updated: 17 January 2008