The Caribbean Archaeology collection was founded in 1960 by Ripley P. Bullen. The program is based around one of the largest systematic collections of pre-Columbian artifacts in North America. What the collection lacks in size is compensated for by its diversity.
It contains systematic collections from many sites around the Caribbean, including Antigua, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, St. Martin, Trinidad, U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela.
Drs. Kathleen A. Deagan and Charles A. Hoffman, Jr., Geoffrey Senior, Leon Wilder and the present curator, Dr. William F. Keegan, have made notable contributions to the collections.